There are a number of different ways for a person to become a permanent resident. These qualified applicants can be immediate relatives of US citizens, such as spouses, children, and parents. Preference relatives of US citizens and Lawful Permanent residents. Employees and Workers at US companies. Investors with substancial assets. Also being selected from the Diversity visa lottery, that awards 50,000 green cards a year. Special Immigrants, such as religious workers. And finally, those who have qualified for cancellation of removal in immigration court.